The way children care for their bodies today will have an impact on their health as adults.
Preventive dental care will improve the oral health of your children. It is possible for your child to reach adulthood without ever having tooth decay.
Take your child to see the dentist regularly, beginning by the child’s first birthday.
· Give only water to your child at naptime or bedtime.
· Start brushing as soon as the child’s first tooth appears.
· Begin flossing when two teeth begin to touch.
· Brush and floss your child’s teeth daily until they can be do it with supervision and then eventually by themself.
· Provide a balanced diet and limit snacks with sugar.
· Make certain your child gets the proper fluoride needed for decay-resistant teeth. Ask your dentist how this should be done.
· Ask your dentist about dental sealants, a thin protective barrier that shields the chewing surface of back teeth against tooth decay.
· Ask your dentist about mouth guards. They cushion blows that might otherwise cause broken teeth, injuries to the lips and face, and sometimes-even jaw fractures.
Good oral health practices should begin in infancy and continue
throughout adult life. Attitudes and habits established at an early age are critical in maintaining good oral health throughout life.
1. A smear or rice size of toothpaste can be used as soon the first tooth erupts if the child is at high risk for decay.
2. Caution is advised when using fluoridated toothpaste for young children because they may swallow excessive amounts of toothpaste.
3. When your child can spit out the excessive toothpast usually at age 2 years to 3 years old switch to a small pea sized amount of fluoride toothpaste.
4. Children younger than 6 years should use only a pea size amount of fluoridated toothpaste.
5. Check the fluoride content of toothpastes; almost all toothpastes manufactured in the United States provide topical fluoride, but not all natural toothpastes do.
1. The first tooth eruption is usually between 4 and 15 months of age.
2. If eruption of the first tooth has not occurred by 18 months, make an appointment to see your pediatric dentist.
3. Premature and low birth weight babies can have
delayed primary tooth eruption and enamel defects,
putting them at higher risk for decay.
4. Eruption is usually lower teeth before upper teeth. The lower front teeth are the first to erupt and the first to be replaced by permanent teeth.
5. To remember the timing of the first 4 teeth erupt at 7 months then every 4 months 4 more teeth erupt until at 27 months all 20 baby teeth should have erupted.
6. For permanent teeth Eruption starts between 5 to 7 years and finishes by 13 to 14 years old except for wisdome teeth (third molars)
7. It is common to see permanent teeth erupt behind
the primary incisor teeth in the lower jaw. This
typically resolves itself without intervention.
8. The first permanent molars erupt behind the last baby tooth around 6 years of age.
1. Primary teeth are also called baby teeth
2. By age 3 years, there are usually 20 primary teeth.
3. The spacing between children’s baby teeth is
important because it allows enough room for the
bigger, permanent teeth.
4. Primary teeth have thinner enamel and appear whiter than permanent teeth.
5. Disease may progress more quickly in primary teeth.
6. The biting surfaces of molars are grooved
7. Permanent teeth have wavy edges
when they erupt, which smooth out with normal
wear and tear.